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Comparative study of the way of creating architectural spaces in the paintings of baths

  • Comparative study of the way of creating architectural spaces in the paintings of baths

    Comparative study of the way of creating architectural spaces in the paintings of baths

Literary works have created the right fields for painting and drawing the architecture of the bath in the works of painting. These paintings have a lot to do with the real world. By matching the characteristics of such works with the architecture of the baths, it can be concluded that in these paintings bathrooms are displayed with many architectural features, and this shows a kind of realism in the paintings of the bathroom. The purpose of this research is to study the comparative study of the architecture of the baths and the works of the bathroom painting in order to determine the extent to which these works are close to reality and are plotted with realism. Following this goal, using the historical interpretation method, the study of the works of bath paintings and its adaptation to the architecture of the baths has been studied. In total, 23 paintings have been reviewed and their characteristics are compared with the architecture of the baths. The research findings show that many of the characteristics of the bathroom from architectural spaces to installations, structures and lighting are shown in various ways in these works. Also, principles such as dimensions, size, geometric shape and proportions of spaces are evident.

Key words
Bathroom Architecture, Painting, How to Create Space, Bathroom Features.

The bathroom is one of the most valuable architectural buildings that have survived from the past. It has been of great importance among other urban spaces such as bazaar, mosque and school, and one of the most important urban buildings after the mosque and school.
The significance of this building in the city has been such that it sometimes becomes more important than other urban spaces. For example, in one of the maps of Tehran, which dates back to 1370, the number of baths is two hundred Babas, while the number of mosques is 120 Bab, which indicates the importance of baths in the architecture and urban spaces of Iran. In addition, baths were of great importance in Islamic societies and were regarded by Muslims as a religious foundation for serving others and earning rewards.
Today, many of these buildings have been destroyed, and the architecture of the baths can be found in a few works, which are mostly in the Safavid period. On the other hand
Painting works on the subject of bath, according to their age, can be used to identify the architectural characteristics of the baths. Many thinkers have considered painting as a world of imagination, and some have spoken of realism in some pictures of painting. About the creation of architectural spaces, by analyzing the works of painting on a particular topic, one can discover the aspects of space that the photographer portrays with a realistic approach.
This paper, by means of historical interpretation, examines 23 paintings and compares them with the architecture of bathrooms and seeks to answer the following questions:
1 Do different bath characteristics such as geometry and user and hierarchy can be searched in the artwork?
2 How can spatial shapes and geometry in these paintings be realistic and appropriate to the architectural design of bathrooms?

background of the research
So far, many studies have been done on painting and creating architectural spaces. In addition, there are some articles about baths’ paintings, which include the architecture of the bathroom. “According to the article by Elahe Sabeti, titled” Descriptive Study of Multiple Images “,” Iranian Miniature. In the Book of Proceedings of the Bath Conference, a group of researchers have focused on the architecture of the bathroom, while some have also referred to the architectural design of the bath. There are also several books on painting, including the book of the Isfahan Painting School, written by Yaghoub Azhand, the Art Gallery of Iranian Painting and
The Iranian-Iranian Islamic Book Publishing House noted and considered the topic of general discussion in the field of painting.
Research has also been carried out on realism in the field of painting, for example, in the final version of the master’s degree paper, Hadi, a reminder of the realism approach in the painting of the Safavid era. In none of these works, the specialized study of the theme of the bathroom painting has not been studied and all the documents in this field have not been compared and compared. For the sake of this, this research can be a way to express how architecture is displayed
Sponsors in Painting.
Bathroom paintings The foundation of art of painting is based on Persian poetry, mysticism and divine wisdom, and the most valuable photographs of the Islamic era are in the shadow of mysticism and rich Iranian literature. Since the beginning of the fourth century, the works of painting have been used for review in linear books (Ashtray, 16: 1386), including the copies of Shahnameh and Khamis. The oldest version of the military khums is (790 788 AH / 1388 1386 AD), which is now located in the British Museum (Rahnavard, 2007: 40). Beside these books, a collection of arrays and pictures of painting has been formed.
These designs sometimes have similarities in terms of subject and story, and sometimes in the form of image-taking. Sometimes a subject chosen by an artist for painting
The artist’s attention has been drawn to his circles, and artists of the subsequent periods have imitated. This imitation has sometimes been made by the artists of later periods without any manipulation, and sometimes by creating a summary of the plot, its completion and extension, or by adding characters to a new combination of images with more characters.
Some of the literary works and texts of the story have been related to the bathroom, including the story of the bathing of Aaron al-Rashid in Khamis. This has provided a good basis for the creation of paintings on the subject of baths (Table 1). Many of these works


تاریخ نام کتاب نویسنده موضوع تعداد نگارگری
4th century Shah nameh Ferdousi Bathing Ferdowsi 3
6th century Nezamie khamseh Nezami The story of Aaron and the haircut 9
century 8-9 zafarnameh Ali Yazdi Going to the bathroom and the owner
Mansion of Chulan
century 9 Alishir naviei 2
century 9 haft orang Jami Sufi support 2
century 10 majalesol oshag Gazergahi Saadi 3
century 10 majalesol oshag Gazergahi Ghazali 3

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